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Britain, France and Germany re-employment training in common

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Britain, France and Germany re-employment training in common

Britain, France and Germany re-employment training, whether in the background, there are still significant differences in national implementation. However, after the adoption of the three countries are currently re-employment training practice and the successful experience of comparative analysis, we can draw some common features. Due to different national conditions, Britain, France and Germany to implement re-employment and re-employment training and background of the current situation undertaken training has a great difference, so we can not copy their practices in the Proposals. But these common characteristics of the current re-employment training for the development and implementation has an important reference value.
First, the training and professional certification combined
    Three re-employment training are combined with professional certification by the modular course content so that vocational qualifications are divided into several parts, after receiving training and participating in different modules can be partial or entire professional qualification. This allows the unemployed flexibility, freedom to participate in training, and can effectively reduce training time, but also makes the training more effective. Britain has begun to study the use of previously approved way to acknowledge the unemployed possess the abilities and skills aimed by recognizing their past practice and learning experience to work to help them get professional certification as soon as possible, thus avoiding the practitioners to go to learn It has been the knowledge and skills.
Second, special attention and guidance for trainees consulting work
    From the three re-employment training practice it can be seen: the implementation of re-employment training three are very stressed and attention to training purposes duality ── re-employment and personal continuing professional development. While most training is employment-oriented, but at the same time also give special consideration to the trainee's own mental state and development needs, using a variety of approaches to its exchanges and communication to solve trainees psychological obstacles and problems, and guide them to actively participate in and make the right choice. And for different trainees, adopt a different way of counseling, including: counseling, comprehensive counseling and social counseling. Advice and guidance also throughout the entire training process.
    Advice and guidance of personnel has become a re-employment training program in three important content. In the UK, regardless of trainees before training, after or during the training, have access to effective counseling and guidance services. In the "New Deal" project, government employment centers to arrange for each registered unemployed a professional counselor, the unemployed, regularly (once every two weeks) to employment centers signature, while available specific guidance counselors and counseling. In France, the re-employment training programs not only provide guidance and counseling services to the unemployed, but also in training before vocational skills and the ability to evaluate its unemployed, who are professionals in the assessment, such as: industrial psychology staff, counselors livelihoods and training of counselors. In Germany, the re-employment training programs have highlighted the importance of advice and guidance, and provide employment to the unemployed advice and guidance funding (Employment 500 marks per year, the cost of participating in employment counseling and other aspects). Through guidance and counseling to eliminate the psychological barriers of the unemployed and help them receive training.
Third, according to the characteristics of the unemployed to re-employment training
    Three unemployed according to the characteristics and needs to consider the practical arrangements for re-employment and training content, training methods. The following aspects are reflected this.
    1. The training takes the form of a modular unit or capability
    Three more re-employment training is based on a modular or unit up design. Unemployed in age, living environment, work experience, personal interests and hobbies, education, health and other aspects there are significant differences. The training in the design and arrangement of all these efforts the situation into consideration. This approach enables unemployed adults at any time according to their specific needs to choose to learn, stop or start their own learning. Unemployed adults in different times can participate in learning and training programs. It allows young and old who study together in the industry and the unemployed.
    2. The implementation of flexible training methods
    Retraining implemented to integrate the three countries discussed classes, simulations, case studies, lectures, projects, group learning, discovery methods, practical operation, sharing of experiences and presentations, to work abroad, study, and other computer-aided way. That is the training center for the trainees to implement personalized training (customer-oriented training) way to carry out.
    In addition, the learning time, the majority of part-time, usually every half-day, other times the unemployed unless things. In the training process is always to encourage the unemployed to continuously improve their employability and motivation, enhance their confidence. Classroom atmosphere relaxed, friendly and united, positive, relations staff, trainers and trainees between harmony and equality. Training for the unemployed, it seems to be a pleasant and favorite things, and very attractive. In short, the training is implemented by the unemployed as the center, using the customer, personalized approach to training.
Fourth, to provide financial assistance to trainees, focusing on the training of trainers
    British, French and German government attaches great importance to provide economic assistance to the trainees. The majority of the unemployed, in order to return to learning, personal economic problem is a major obstacle, so the three re-employment training program trainees have priority to provide adequate learning support.
    In addition, the re-employment training in the three countries, also attached great importance to the training of trainers. Because the quality of training of personnel directly related to the quality and effectiveness of training, training of personnel, whether in training or methods to be very well versed in terms of training, and to continuously improve their ability and level of training.
Fifth, encourage the community to participate in the re-employment training
    Three governments to develop policies and measures to encourage the community, especially the business community to actively participate in the re-employment training. UK-based local partner organizations (Local Partnerships) around collaborative approach to carry out the re-employment training, such as the environmental sector, charitable sector, nongovernmental organizations, businesses and so actively involved in re-employment training. In France, a lot of training in the form of a contract or modern apprenticeships allow the unemployed to work in corporate practice, training and re-employment to strengthen ties between the business community. In Germany, for unemployed youth, mostly using the "Dual System" in the form of training so that the unemployed receive training.
    In Britain, France and Germany re-employment training, private training companies also important implementing agencies, the United Kingdom retraining has been market-oriented, government tendering, which allows the private training companies and official training institutions equal competition, the implementation of purchase of training approach to the implementation of re-employment training. The role of government is to provide policy guidance and training funds. In addition, the government decided to establish a new training standards committee, responsible for monitoring the quality of government-funded training programs. France, Germany re-employment training are also open to private training institutions, in order to ensure the quality of training private training companies, and government to develop the relevant eligibility criteria and requirements for private training institutions identified. For private training institutions to carry out the re-employment training, the Government provides appropriate training funds. There are many people in Germany recommended that the Government implement the "re-employment training vouchers" system, provide training vouchers to the unemployed, to encourage enterprises to carry out their job training, companies can exchange bureau in the labor training vouchers, thereby indirectly wage subsidies, these subsidies make companies hire the unemployed and profitable. If the implementation of such training voucher system, the Government may grant to public or private training institutions to provide training courses powers tender. The greatest benefit of this approach is to be freed from the government a lot of training, and focusing on the management and support for the unemployed.
Sixth, entrepreneurship training has become an important part of the re-employment training
    In fact, there is no increase in the total employment situation, even if the quality is very good offer re-employment training, it is difficult to ensure that we can reduce unemployment. To this end, Britain, France and Germany, many people began to realize that the limited nature of the traditional value of re-employment training, retraining is not the fundamental way to solve the unemployment problem. Only in post increases, the overall re-employment training for unemployed workers who may have real jobs and real value.
    The three governments have become increasingly aware of the importance of job creation. And also pay more attention to entrepreneurship training project. Three Yiba entrepreneurship or self-employment as an important employment objectives to implement. Germany to strengthen the entrepreneurship training unemployed people to carry out while still in high school and college to implement entrepreneurship education. British special attention to the use of "New Deal" measures for unemployed youth entrepreneurship training, encourage them to self-employment. France has also taken various measures and preferential policies to encourage entrepreneurship, especially for young people to carry out "new services ── jobs" (emplois-jeunes) program, dedicated to helping financial, technical and operational aspects, to be in five years support, at the same time, actively carry out entrepreneurship training.
Seven, the incumbents continue to train with the youth pre-employment training into retraining Strategy
    In today's increasingly globalized economy, unemployment to some extent can be said to be the result of industry competition between countries. British, French and German governments have started from a strategic point of view to consider and formulate global policy employment and training of unemployed persons, the purpose is to build a well-educated and trained workforce, to improve labor force in the international market overall competitiveness, retraining to be incorporated into the strategic decision to participate in international economic and industrial competition. At the same time, the three governments have also attached great importance to the industry-job training to improve the skills and competitiveness of the whole citizens, in order to avoid lagging behind competing countries. Three in youth education and employment aspects of a large investment, and think: if today's youth education or training on the mistake occurred, they may be the future unemployed. Therefore, in order to avoid the youth in the future of unemployment, the three governments have attached great importance to students of education and training, strengthening of youth from school turned the world of work (from School to Work) research, with the aim before the youth towards society good better prepared.
Encourage enterprises to continuing education and training of employees to invest in the development of relevant policies, allowing enterprises to invest into this aspect of the operating costs. Purpose is to enable employees to continuously improve their own quality, with more flexibility and mobility, enhanced labor market competitiveness. Members also emphasized that the three Governments do not actively invest in their future, in their working life to lifelong learning. This is not only needed personal career development and employment, but also the entire country to participate in international competition in the market, the growing internationalization of the process and to make every citizen requirements.

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