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British, France, Germany and the common point of re employme

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British, France, Germany and the common point of re employme

Britain, France, Germany and the three countries re employment training, whether in the background, or in the implementation of a significant difference in the country. However, after comparing the current re employment training practice and the successful experience of the three countries, we can still draw some common characteristics. Due to different national conditions, Britain, France and Germany re employment training implementation and its background and our country currently carried out again employment training has a great difference, so we in the reference cannot copy their practices. But these common features have important reference value for the development and implementation of our country's current re employment training.
Training and vocational qualification certification
The romance of the Three Kingdoms again employment training are vocational qualification certification and combined through a modular course contents the vocational qualification is divided into several parts, accept and participate in different modules of the training content, you can get part or the whole of the professional qualification certification. This allows the unemployed to be flexible and free to participate in training, and can effectively shorten the training time, but also makes the training more effective. Britain has begun with the ability and the skill of previous learning pattern recognition to recognize the unemployed have to recognized by their past practices and learning experiences to help them as soon as possible to obtain a vocational qualification certification, so as to avoid the practitioners to learn has been palm grip knowledge and skills.
Two, pay special attention to the trainees to carry out the work of consulting and guidance
From the practice of re employment training in three countries can be seen: the three countries implemented the re employment training are very stressed and pay attention to the dual nature of the purpose of training - re employment and personal sustainable career development. Although most training is taking the employment as the guidance of, but at the same time also special consideration trained their own mental state and development needs, using a variety of ways to communicate and communication, trainees of psychological barriers and problem solving, guide them to actively participate in and make the right choice. And for different trainees, to take a different approach, including: psychological counseling, comprehensive counseling and social counseling. Consultation and guidance work through the entire process of training.
Consultation and guidance to the staff has become an important part of the re employment training program in the three countries. In the UK, the trainees are able to obtain effective counselling and guidance services, both before and after the training. In the project of "New Deal", at the center of the government's employment for each registered unemployed arrange a professional consultant, unemployed to regularly (two weeks) to the job centre signature, and consultant of specific guidance and counseling. In France, re employment training programs not only to the unemployed provide guidance and advisory services, and in front of the training is for the unemployed of vocational abilities and skills assessment, participate in the evaluation are professionals such as personnel of industrial psychology, livelihoods advisory and training consulting member. In Germany, the re employment training projects have highlighted the importance of counseling and guidance, to provide employment counseling and guidance to the unemployed (500 per year of Mark's employment applications, to participate in employment counseling and other aspects of the cost). To eliminate the psychological barriers of the unemployed and to help them to receive training through guidance and counseling.
Three, according to the characteristics of the unemployed to implement re employment training
According to the characteristics of the unemployed and the actual needs of the three countries to consider and arrange the content of re employment training, training methods. This is reflected in the following aspects.
1 training content in the form of a modular or capacity unit
Three, re employment training is based on the content of the module or unit design. There are great differences in the age, living environment, work experience, personal interests and hobbies, education and other aspects of the unemployed. Training content in the design and arrangement of all efforts to take these into account. This method can make the unemployed adults at any time according to their own specific needs to choose, stop or start their own learning. Unemployed adults can take part in learning and training programs at different times. It can make young people and old people, in the industry and the unemployed together to learn.
2 implement flexible training methods
Three implementation of re employment training to integrate the discussion, classes, simulation, case studies, lectures, project, team learning, discovery method, practice, experience sharing and presentation, to work abroad, study, computer assisted. Training is carried out in the center, that is, the implementation of personalized training (customer training) method to carry out the.
In addition, in the learning time, the majority of part time, each for half a day, other time unemployed unless things. In the process of training, always give the unemployed to encourage, and constantly improve their employment motivation, and enhance their confidence. Classroom atmosphere relaxed, friendly, unity, positive and progressive, the relationship between staff, trainers and trainees harmonious, equal. Receiving training seems to be a pleasant and enjoyable thing for the unemployed, and it is very attractive. In short, the implementation of the training is to the unemployed as the center, the use of customer oriented, personalized training methods.
Four, to provide economic assistance to the trainees, pay attention to the training of training
Britain, France, Germany and the three governments attach great importance to provide economic assistance to the trainees. For most of the unemployed, to return to study, the individual's economic problems is a major obstacle, so the re employment training programs in the three countries are given priority to provide adequate funding for the study of the trainees.
In addition, the three countries in the re employment training, but also attaches great importance to the training of training. Because of the quality and effectiveness of personnel training is directly related to the quality of training, training personnel regardless of in the training methods or in terms of the training content to very well versed, and to continuously improve their ability and level of training.
Five, to encourage the community to participate in re employment training
Three governments to develop various policies and measures to encourage all sectors of the community, especially the business community to actively participate in the re employment training. Britain around established local partner organizations (local partnerships) take cooperation way to carry out the re employment training, as the environmental sector, the charitable sector, non-governmental organizations, enterprises and other are actively involved in re employment training. In France, a lot of training is to use the form of contract or modern apprenticeship to allow the unemployed to work in the enterprise practice, strengthen the link between the re employment training and the business community. In Germany, the majority of young unemployed, the use of dual system of training in the form of training for the unemployed to receive.
In Britain, France and Germany re employment training, private training companies is an important mechanism in the implementation, Britain again employment training has the market, the government has adopted bidding way, let private training companies and official training institutions to compete on an equal footing, to implement the purchase of training way to implement re employment training. The role of the government is to provide policy guidance and training funds. In addition, the government has decided to establish a new training standards committee, which is responsible for monitoring the quality of the training programs provided by the government. France, Germany, re employment training are also open to private training institutions, in order to ensure the quality of the training of private training companies, the government to develop relevant qualifications and requirements for the identification of private training institutions. For the private training institutions to carry out re employment training, the government provides the corresponding training funds. Germany has many people suggest that the government should implement "re employment training vouchers" system, to the unemployed to provide training vouchers, encourage enterprises to their job training, enterprises can redeem the training vouchers in the labor bureau, thereby indirectly acquire wage subsidies, the subsidies makes enterprise employment unemployment and profitable. If this training system is to be implemented, the government may award the power of training courses to the public or private training institutions. The biggest benefit of this approach is that the government can be freed from a large number of training, and focus on the support and management of the unemployed.
Six, entrepreneurship training has become an important part of re employment training
In fact, in the case of no increase in total employment, even if the quality of a very good re employment training, it is difficult to ensure that the unemployment phenomenon can be reduced. To this end, in Britain, France and Germany, many people began to recognize the limited value of traditional re employment training, re employment training is not the fundamental way to solve the problem of unemployment. Only in the case of the increase in jobs, re employment training for the whole of the unemployed people have a real job may be and the actual value.
Three governments have become increasingly aware of the importance of creating jobs. And also pay more attention to entrepreneurship training project. The three countries have put their own business or self employment as an important target for employment. Germany in the strengthening of the unemployed personnel to carry out entrepreneurship training at the same time, also in secondary schools and universities to implement entrepreneurship education. Britain attaches great importance to the use of the new deal measures to conduct entrepreneurship training for unemployed young people, to encourage them to self employment. France also take a variety of preferential policies and measures, encourage entrepreneurship, especially for the youth to carry out the "new service employment" emplois-jeunes project, specializes in providing capital, technology and management to help, to be supported within 5 years. At the same time, and actively carry out entrepreneurship training.
Seven, the continuing training of the job and the youth pre job training into the re employment training strategy
In today's increasingly globalized economy, the phenomenon of unemployment in a way can be said to be the results of the national industrial competition. Britain, France and Germany government have started from the global strategic point of view to consider and formulate employment and unemployment, personnel training policy, the purpose is to establish a have good education and training of the workforce to improve the labor force in the international market's overall competitiveness, training and employment were incorporated into the participating international economic and industrial competitive strategy. At the same time, the government also attaches great importance to the training of the industry, in order to improve the overall level of the national skills and competitiveness, so as to avoid the country behind its competition. The three countries have invested a lot in youth education and employment, and believe that if today's young people are educated or training, they may become unemployed people in the future. So in order to avoid the youth unemployment in the future, the three government attaches great importance to the education and training of students, to strengthen the youth from school to the world of work (from school to work. The purpose is to enable young people to society before doing more fully ready to.
Encourage enterprises to continue education and training of employees to invest in the development of relevant policies, allowing enterprises to invest in this area into the operating costs. The purpose is to allow employees to continuously improve their own quality, with more adaptability and mobility, and enhance the competitiveness of the labor market. The three governments also stressed that the government should not actively invest in their own future, in their own work to carry out lifelong learning. This is not only the need of personal career development and employment, but also the requirements of the whole country to participate in international competition in the process of the internationalization of the market.

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